The workshops featured expert presentations designed to raise awareness of the natural and social science issues of MPAs. The following were presented at the different regional workshops. They are formatted as Adobe Acrobat© PDF files for your convenience for printing and distribution. These versions are fully annotated with the speakers' commentary. If you are interested in obtaining a PowerPoint© copy of any of these presentations, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Click here to access presentations from the MPA Education Pilot Workshop.
When using or distributing these materials, please acknowledge the authors of the presentations and cite the National Marine Protected Areas website, http://www.mpa.gov.
(Please note: If you have any difficulty opening the files on this page, try saving them to disk and then opening PDF files through Adobe Acrobat Reader. To save files to disk, for Windows right click on the link and select Save Link As; for Mac, press option key and click the mouse.)
The MPA Story A National Overview (pdf, 250 kb)
Lisa Wooninck, Charles Wahle, and Marjorie Ernst reviewed basic issues surrounding MPAs, including a brief history of MPAs, different types found in the United States, and their goals. The presentation also reviews the Executive Order, the goals of the National MPA Center and some of the Center's progress to date. 2001/2.
A Look at Topical Science and Research Efforts (pdf, 220 kb)
A subset of the results of a study on MPAs undertaken by the National Research Council, a division of the United States National Academies is presented. The presentation, Marine Protected Areas: Tools for Sustaining Ocean Ecosystems, provides a review of MPAs including their goals and some of the challenges they face. Topics covered include fish population dynamics and spatial management issues important for appropriate MPA design.
The Role of Science in Defining MPA Goals, Design, and Evaluation (pdf, 713 kb)
Mark Carr describes scientific principles behind MPAs and the need for appropriate scientific considerations in their design, evaluation and monitoring for MPAs to succeed. The presentation includes considerations for fisheries, ecology and reserve design. September 2002.
American Attitudes Toward Marine Protected Areas and Fully Protected Marine Reserves (pdf, 308 kb)
The results of two studies of American attitudes towards marine protected areas are presented. The studies' findings emphasize the public's concern for the health of our oceans and support for conservation efforts. In contrast to their concern, however, the studies show that the public lack a grasp of the true facts concerning MPA issues, emphasizing the need for a wider education effort.
Bringing Social Science into MPA Management and Education (pdf, 280 kb)
Leah Bunce and Sarah Lyons provided insight into the need for bringing social science into MPA management in this presentation. It reviews ecological and human dimensions that determine the social science variables that need to be considered for MPA management. The presentation describes case study examples demonstrating the importance of considering the stakeholders in the design and management of MPAs and provides examples of how social science can be incorporated into MPA education. 2001/2.
The Social Science Research Strategy for MPAs (pdf, 202 kb)
Sarah Lyons describes the process taken to develop the Social Science Strategy and provides an overview of the strategy. She reviews the need to strengthen the human dimension in MPA design and management. The strategy is intended to improve the incorporation of social science into MPA research, consideration and funding. September, 2002.